Je suis, I am comes from the verb être, to be :
je suis I am tu es you are il est he is elle est she is nous sommes we are vous êtes you are ils sont they are elles sont they are
Notice that there is no single pronoun in French for things or animals; the word it can be translated il, elle, or ce, and everything is either feminine or masculine.
Tu and vous : when addressing people, the French distinguish between :
those they are close to (family, friends, children, etc.), with whom they use tu, and
all others, with whom they use vous. Vous, however, must always be used when addressing more than one person.
To ask a question with être, you can do the same as with to be; simply invert the subject and the verb :
Es-tu/Êtes-vous fatigué? Are you tired?
Es-tu/Êtes-vous malade? Are you sick?
Usually (but not always), the feminine form of nouns and adjectives has an e at the end of the word.
il est américain - elle est américaine
In many expressions such as I am hungry or I am thirsty, the French use the verb avoir, to have followed by a noun. Instead of saying I am hungry, therefore, they say 'I have hunger' : j'ai faim. We will look at the verb avoir, to have in the next email, but for now take a look at the following expressions :
J'ai faim I am hungry
J'ai soif I am thirsty
J'ai peur I am afraid
J'ai vingt ans I am twenty
être en avance to be early
être pressé to be in a hurry
For More French Grammar
(A Complete Basic Grammar Actually)
Just Subscribe To Our French Newsletter
It's 100% Free!